CPRHE/NIEPA has initiated a publication on India higher education entitled ‘India Higher Education Report’ (IHER). The IHER aims to focus on the current issues and challenges facing the higher education sector in India. It is envisaged that IHER may become an annual publication and serve as a good reference document for researchers and policymakers in India.

INDIA HIGHER EDUCATION REPORT 2020: Employment and Employability of Higher Education Graduates in India (Edited by N. V. Varghese and Mona Khare)


India Higher Education Report 2020 critically analyzes the role played by the state, industries, and higher education institutions in the employment and employability of educated youth in India. The book discusses a wide range of topics such as employability skill gaps of higher education graduates; curriculum and skills training systems; formal and informal modes of skill formation; crisis of jobless growth in India; migration, education and employment; dimensions of gender, caste and education; general, technical and professional education; vocationalization; qualifications framework and skills certifications; curriculum and pedagogy in higher education for skill development; industry–academia linkages; entrepreneurship education and executive education; and sustainable employment.

i) Employment and employability of higher education graduates: an overview 

ii) The crisis of jobless growth in India

iii) On the persistence of informal work and self-employment in India

iv)Migration, education and employment in India

v)Declining labour force participation in India: does education and training help?

vi)Trends in employment and unemployment in India: dimensions of gender, caste and education

vii)Skills mismatch of higher education graduates in India: factors determining employability quotient

viii)General, technical and professional education: employability skill gaps

ix)Education, skills mismatch and wage differentials

x)India’s national skills qualification framework and employment: the promise and the reality

xi)Curriculum and pedagogy in higher education for skill development

xii)Skilling India: vocational orientation to higher education

xiii)Skill universities in India

xiv)Informal modes of skill formation

xv)Industry–academia linkages in India’s technical education sector

xvi)Refuelling entrepreneurship education in India: a case study

xvii)Executive education and career advancement: sustainable employment

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INDIA HIGHER EDUCATION REPORT 2019: Governance and Management of Higher Education in India (Edited by N. V. Varghese and )


Governance in education is well recognized as critical to institutional performance and effectiveness. Governance and Management of Higher Education in India is the fifth book in the series India Higher Education Report initiated by the Centre for Policy Research in Higher Education, National Institute of Educational Planning and Administration. The book examines macro issues of governance, focusing on the role of the state and market, regulation at national and state levels, and accountability measures. It also looks at institutional issues of autonomy, affiliation, teacher recruitment, and managing quality and excellence. The discussions in the book centre on theoretical perspectives and empirical evidences. The volume will be an important resource for academics, policy makers as well as scholars and researchers of public policy, political science and economics.

i) Governance of Higher Education in India: An Introduction

ii) State, Market and Governance of Higher Education

iii) Regulation of Higher Education in India

iv)The State Councils of Higher Education: A Case for Strengthening Intermediary Agencies

v)Accountability Measures to Improve Governance

vi)Governance and Management of Affiliated Colleges

vii)Management of Autonomous Colleges: A Movement from Academic Colonialism to Freedom and Democratization of Higher Education

viii)Governance and Autonomy: A Study of Central and State Universities

ix)Governance and Management of Higher Education at the Institutional Level: Reality, Concerns and Transmutation

x)Managing Transition from ‘State’ to ‘Central’ University in the University of Allahabad: Issues and Challenges

xi)Managing Quality and Excellence: Conceptual and Institutional Factors

xii)Managing Quality and Excellence at the Institutional Level: A Study of Bharathiar University

xiii)The Political Economy of Governance in Higher Education: Temporary Teachers Phenomenon

xiv)Leveraging Technology to Solve the Pentagon Puzzle of Higher Education in India

xv)Managing Student Diversity in Indian Higher Education Institutions: Achieving Academic Integration and Social Inclusion

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INDIA HIGHER EDUCATION REPORT 2018: Financing of Higher Education (Edited by N. V. Varghese and Jinusha Panigrahi)


In the last few decades, India has experienced several shifts in the policies pertaining to the financing of higher education. These shifts include a move from public financing to keep pace with the expansion requirements of the sector; the strengthening of market forces in higher education both through privatisation of public institutions and operation of private institutions; and a move from the financing of institutions to the financing of students. The Centre for Policy Research in Higher Education (CPRHE) has initiated major research activities to understand how the recent changes have affected the financing of higher education in India and how the higher education institutions cope with and respond to these changes. India Higher Education Report 2018, the fourth volume in the series, presents this study to provide a comprehensive analysis of financing of higher education in India. This book investigates the changing dynamics and related key issues including state–market dynamics, university–industry linkages, foreign aid, institutional strategies to overcome shortages in funding, issues with self-financing courses, educational loans and fee reimbursement schemes, expansion and financing of private higher education.

i) Financing of Higher Education: An Introduction

ii) State-Market Dynamics in Higher Education Financing

iii) Towards Augmenting Resources: University–Industry Linkages

iv)Foreign Aid for Higher Education in India

v)Gender Budgeting in Higher Education

vi)Institutional Strategies to Overcome Declining Public Funding in Higher Education

vii)Self-Financing Courses in Public Institutions

viii)Changing Sources of Funding: A Study of Punjabi University

ix)Scholarship Schemes for Student Financing

x)Choice-based Credit System (CBCS) and Semester System in Indian Higher Education

xi)Student Mortgage Loans vis-à-vis Income Contingent Loans: Problems and Prospects

xii)Public Financing of Private Education: A Case Study of Fee Reimbursement Scheme (FRS) in Andhra Pradesh

xiii)Growth and Expansion of Private Higher Education

xiv)Financing of Private Higher Education Institutions in India Sangeeta Angom

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INDIA HIGHER EDUCATION REPORT 2017: Teaching Learning and Quality (Edited by N. V. Varghese, Anupam Pachauri and Sayantan Mandal) 


Understanding teaching, learning and quality in higher education requires in-depth engagement with theoretical discourse and empirical evidences. With this objective, the Centre for Policy Research in Higher Education (CPRHE) has initiated multiple research activities to develop deeper insights into quality concerns in higher education. India Higher Education Report 2017 evaluates the Indian higher education system in terms of teaching, learning and quality and presents a comprehensive analysis of reforms that took place in these domains. Organized into three major parts—ranking, research and quality; teachers and teaching–learning; and quality management—this book discusses changes and issues that have affected the country’s higher education system in recent times.

i) Teaching, Learning and Quality in Higher Education in India: An Introduction

ii) World University Ranking Systems: Are They Indicators of Quality?

iii) Measuring Performance of Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) and the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF)

iv)Research on Higher Education in India

v)Availability and Shortages of Teachers in Higher Education

vi)Professional Development of Teachers in Higher Education

vii)Critical Perspectives of Teaching-Learning in Indian Higher Education

viii)Developing e-Content for Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs): An Experience of Teaching-Learning Centre

ix)Student Assessments in Higher Education

x)Choice-based Credit System (CBCS) and Semester System in Indian Higher Education

xi)Quality and Accountability in Higher Education

xii)Managing Quality at Institutional Level

xiii)Effects of External and Internal Quality Assurance on Indian Higher Education Institutions

xiv)Finance and Qualtiy: The Reshaping of Higher Education

xv)Qualification Frameworks for Improving Quality and Relevance of Education

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INDIA HIGHER EDUCATION REPORT 2016: Equity (Edited by N. V. Varghese, Nidhi S. Sabharwal and C.M. Malish)


Equity in education is well recognized as central to achieving inclusive growth and development. The second in the series initiated by the Centre for Policy Research in Higher Education of the National University of Educational Planning and Administration, India Higher Education Report 2016 focuses on the theme of equity in higher education. The report examines issues related to the expansion of higher education; economic, social, regional and gender inequalities and their implications on education; student diversity and discrimination; and the changing roles of the state, market and private sector in a period of massification of the education sector. The book also addresses topics on learning outcomes, and employment and employability of higher education graduates. The discussions in the book centre on the theoretical perspectives and empirical evidences. This book will be an important resource for academics, policy makers, civil society organizations, media and those concerned with higher education and development. It will also be useful to scholars and researchers of education, public policy, sociology and economics.. 

i) The State, Markets, Equity and Quality in Higher Education

ii) The Redefinition of Equality and Excellence and Declining Goals of Democratic Egalitarianism in Higher Education

iii) Economic and Educational Inequalities in India: Access and Outcome Indicators for Different Socio-Religious Groups

iv)Private Sector and Equity in Higher Education: Challenges of Growing Unequal Access

v) Regional Disparities in Availability, Access and Equity in Higher Education in India

vi) Higher Education in India: Access, Quality and Structure

vii) Concerns of Minority Groups in Higher Education: The Plight of Muslim Community

viii) Higher Education and Gendered Norms: Enabling the `Use’ of Women’s Education

ix) Disability Rights in Higher Education: A Preliminary Investigation of Exclusion and Barriers in Indian Universities

x) Equity and Excellence: A Study of Navodaya Vidyalaya

xi) Disparities in Outcome: Graduate Labour Market in India

xii) Disparities in Graduate Employability Skills

xiii)Access and Exclusion: Mapping Social Diversity in Education in India

xiv) Equity in Higher Education: What Happens after Entry?

xv) Diversity and Discrimination: Role of Higher Education for Civic Learning

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INDIA HIGHER EDUCATION REPORT 2015 (Edited by N. V. Varghese and Garima Malik)


The first issue of the IHER report is comprehensive and has articles on major issues and challenges facing higher education in the country. The unprecedented expansion of higher education in India and the proliferation of providers in turn have posed enormous challenges to equity, quality and financing of the sector. The India Higher Education Report 2015 traces the evolution of higher education and discusses the key role of committees and commissions whose reports and recommendations form the backdrop of contemporary developments. Authoritative and comprehensive, the volume examines a range of themes including equity, financing, employment, quality, and governance. It also engages with new and recent data as well as current issues and debates.

The themes included in the IHER 2015 are:

i) The Higher Education Context i.e., Policies, Commission and Committees

ii) Equity in Higher Education

iii) Quality in Higher Education

iv) Diversification of the System

v) Employment of the Higher Education Graduates

vi) Financing of Higher Education

vii) Private Higher Education

viii) Governance and Management

ix) Internationalisation

For more detail Visit : Routledge